Delayed presentation of breast cancer patients

East Afr Med J. 2010 Apr;87(4):147-50. doi: 10.4314/eamj.v87i4.62410.


Objective: To determine the extent and nature of delayed presentation of patients treated for breast cancer at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH).

Design: Prospective cross sectional study.

Setting: Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) which is a tertiary, teaching and referral hospital in Nairobi, Kenya.

Results: A total of 166 patients were recruited into the study. The mean age was 47 years with a range between 17 and 88 years. Females constituted 98.8%, had an average of 4.5 children per subject with a median of 4 and a range of 0-11. A lump as the first noticed symptom present in 87.3% and 52.1% were pre-menopausal. Only 11 (6.62%) patients presented within 30 days of discovering their breast symptom, 34 (20.4%) presented between thirty and ninety days and the remaining 115 (73.1%) presented three months after noticing their symptom. Three reasons accounted for 67.5% of the delay. Thirty three (19.9%) kept away fearing that they would be told they had cancer while 39 (23.5%) presented late because their breast symptom was painless. Another 40 (24.1%) said they had earlier visited medical personnel who had reassured them that their symptoms were benign.

Conclusion: Majority of patients treated for advanced breast disease presented to the healthcare providers at KNH more than three months after noticing their breast symptom and a sizeable number of patients were being reassured falsely that they have benign disease without the benefit of biopsy.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Breast Neoplasms / psychology
  • Breast Neoplasms / therapy
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Delayed Diagnosis
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Kenya
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult