Quality-of-life issues for end-stage renal disease patients

Am J Kidney Dis. 1990 Mar;15(3):201-8. doi: 10.1016/s0272-6386(12)80763-3.

Abstract

Given the importance of making comparisons regarding quality-of-life issues for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, the research presented here first compares 766 patients who experienced one of the following therapies for at least 1 year: (1) center hemodialysis, (2) continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), or (3) successful transplantation (one cohort of patients from the 1970s, a second cohort from 1980 to 1984). Second, since the most recent transplant group was randomized to two alternative immunosuppressive drug regimens, we compared the quality of life of the patients on cyclosporine/prednisone therapy (N = 51) and the patients on a conventional immunosuppressive therapy (antilymphocyte globulin/prednisone/azathioprine; N = 40). Patients had to be age 19 to 56 years and nondiabetic to be included in this research. Data were collected with survey questionnaires containing measures of physical, emotional, and social well-being, vocational rehabilitation, sexual adjustment, and marital and family adjustment. Case mix or background differences were controlled as much as possible using an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and comparison of adjusted means. Our results show that the successful transplant patients scored higher than both dialysis groups (P less than 0.05 for nine of 11 measures) on almost all variables, demonstrating a higher quality of life. The effect of a failed transplant on quality of life was also examined. In terms of the recent transplant patients, the cyclosporine group scored consistently higher on all physical, emotional, and social well-being measures (excluding males' vocational rehabilitation), although differences are not always significant.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cyclosporins / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / psychology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Kidney Transplantation
  • Middle Aged
  • Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory
  • Quality of Life*
  • Renal Dialysis

Substances

  • Cyclosporins
  • Immunosuppressive Agents