Temperature dependence of myofilament Ca sensitivity of rat, guinea pig, and frog ventricular muscle

Am J Physiol. 1990 Feb;258(2 Pt 1):C274-81. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.1990.258.2.C274.


Cooling the superfusate of intact ventricular muscle, from 30 degrees C to below 4 degrees C in less than 2 s, leads to contractures thought to reflect the amount of Ca available for release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). On rewarming, tension transiently increases in guinea pig and rat ventricular muscle. It has been proposed that this rewarming tension spike reflects changes in myofilament Ca sensitivity and maximum Ca-activated force (Cmax) associated with rewarming. There are differences in intracellular Ca regulation among cardiac muscle preparations. Some characteristics of rapid-cooling contractures (e.g., the magnitude of the rewarming spike) also differ between species. Therefore, the Ca sensitivity of skinned ventricular muscle from the rat, guinea pig, and frog was determined at 29 (22 degrees C for frog ventricular preparations), 8, and 1 degrees C. The results show that cooling rat and guinea pig ventricular muscle from 29 to 1 degrees C shifts the pCa vs. tension relationship toward higher [Ca2+] by 0.65 and 0.55 pCa units, respectively. Cooling to 1 degrees C also reduced Cmax to 3.3 and 7.8% of that at 29 degrees C in rat and guinea pig ventricular muscle, respectively. Similar results were found for frog ventricular muscle, in which cooling from 22 to 1 degrees C reduced Ca sensitivity by 0.6 pCa units and Cmax to 45.7% of its value at 22 degrees C.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Actin Cytoskeleton / physiology
  • Animals
  • Calcium / physiology*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Heart / physiology*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Kinetics
  • Myocardial Contraction*
  • Rabbits
  • Rana pipiens
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Species Specificity
  • Temperature
  • Ventricular Function


  • Calcium