Aptamer BC15 against heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 has potential value in diagnosis and therapy of hepatocarcinoma

Nucleic Acid Ther. 2012 Dec;22(6):391-8. doi: 10.1089/nat.2012.0363. Epub 2012 Oct 12.


The heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1) was reported to be participated in tumor development. The association between hnRNP A1 and liver cancer and the functional role of hnRNP A1 in liver cancer have never been reported. Herein, hnRNP A1-specific single-stranded DNA aptamer, BC15, was used to (a) evaluate hnRNP A1 expression in liver cancer, and (b) treat hepatocarcinoma by acting as an inhibitor of hnRNP A1. Results showed that there is high hnRNP A1 expression in liver cancer including serum α-fetoprotein-negative liver cancer tissues compared with either para-cancer or benign controls. Down regulation of hnRNP A1 expression by RNA interference inhibits the proliferation and migration of cancerous HepG2 cells, while overexpression of hnRNP A1 in normal HL-7702 cells increased the proliferation and migration of the cells. Importantly, BC15 showed a stronger inhibiting effect on the proliferation of cultured hepatoma cells than hnRNP A1 small interfering RNA, strongly suggesting that BC15 could also be a potential drug candidate for an hnRNP A1 inhibitor besides its prospect utility in in situ histological examination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Aptamers, Nucleotide / pharmacology*
  • Aptamers, Nucleotide / therapeutic use
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / drug therapy*
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Hep G2 Cells
  • Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein A1
  • Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B / genetics
  • Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Aptamers, Nucleotide
  • Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein A1
  • Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B
  • Hnrnpa1 protein, mouse
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • hnRNPA1 protein, human