Background: While the death rate from acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has been in decline for more than 50 years, out-of-hospital mortality remains high despite improvements in care.
Aim: To evaluate the importance of out-of-hospital mortality and identify the main predictors of in-hospital and 1-year mortality in France.
Methods: Analyses were based on data from the French MONICA population-based registry, which included all cases of ACS occurring in people aged 35-74 years during 2006 in three geographic areas in France. We first evaluated out-of-hospital mortality; then, using data from patients with incident ACS who reached hospital alive, Cox models were performed to determine the main predictors of 1-year mortality. The number of attributable deaths was assessed for variables of interest.
Results: After 1-year follow-up, case-fatality was 29.3% for incident events (n=2547); the proportion of out-of-hospital deaths was 70.3%, and 91.5% of deaths occurred in the 28 days following the ACS. On multivariable analysis, the number of attributable deaths associated with three scenarios (out-of-hospital life-and-death emergency, hospitalization before ACS occurrence, and lack of coronary angiography) was 130 (accounting for 59% of deaths occurring after reaching the hospital) during 1-year follow-up. These scenarios corresponded to patients with an initial severe clinical presentation in whom rates of use of specific treatments and invasive procedures were very low.
Conclusion: A large proportion of fatalities after an ACS occurs in the out-of-hospital phase. Moreover, the major component of 1-year mortality is associated with a poor prognosis at initial presentation. This finding highlights the importance of cardiovascular prevention, population education and better out-of-hospital emergency management in improving prognosis after an ACS.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.