Experiments with multiple nested levels where randomization can take place at any level bring challenges to the computation of sample sizes. Formulas derived under simple single-level experiments must be adjusted using multiplicative factors or design effects. In this work, we take a unified approach to finding the design effects in terms of intracluster correlations and present formulas to compute sample sizes of different levels. Equal cluster sample sizes and homogeneous within cluster variances are assumed.
Keywords: Sample size; design effects; three-level design.
© The Author(s) 2012.