Incidence of mycotoxins in maize grains in Bihar State, India

Food Addit Contam. Jan-Feb 1990;7(1):55-61. doi: 10.1080/02652039009373820.

Abstract

A regular survey of some maize-growing areas of Bihar state, India, for three consecutive years (September 1984 to September 1986) revealed heavy infestations of mycotoxin-producing fungi with different maize samples. Aflatoxin-producing fungi had the highest frequency of occurrence in all the cases and aflatoxins were the most common mycotoxins elaborated by these fungi. Maize samples of the Kharif crop had a greater incidence of aflatoxins (47%) than the samples of rabi crop (17%). Stored maize grains also had a high incidence of aflatoxins (43%). Most of the contaminated samples contained aflatoxins at levels above 20 micrograms/kg.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aflatoxins / analysis
  • Fungi / isolation & purification
  • Humidity
  • India
  • Mycotoxins / analysis*
  • Rain
  • Seasons
  • Temperature
  • Zea mays / analysis*
  • Zea mays / microbiology

Substances

  • Aflatoxins
  • Mycotoxins