Background: Patients with chronic atrophic gastritis have long-term gastric hypoacidity, and secondary hypergastrinaemia. Some also develop gastric ECL cells carcinoids (type 1 GC). Most type 1 GC remain indolent, but some metastasise. Patients undergo surveillance, and some are treated with somatostatin analogues, endoscopic resection or surgery. Netazepide (YF476) is a highly selective, potent and orally active gastrin receptor antagonist, which has anti-tumour activity in various rodent models of gastric neoplasia driven by hypergastrinaemia. Netazepide has been studied in healthy volunteers.
Aim: To assess the effect of netazepide on type 1 GC.
Methods: Eight patients with multiple type 1 GC received oral netazepide once daily for 12 weeks, with follow-up at 12 weeks in an open-label, pilot trial. Upper endoscopy was performed at 0, 6, 12 and 24 weeks, and carcinoids were counted and measured. Fasting serum gastrin and chromogranin A (CgA) and safety and tolerability were assessed at 0, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 24 weeks.
Results: Netazepide was well tolerated. All patients had a reduction in the number and size of their largest carcinoid. CgA was reduced to normal levels at 3 weeks and remained so until 12 weeks, but had returned to pre-treatment levels at 24 weeks. Gastrin remained unchanged throughout treatment.
Conclusions: The gastrin receptor antagonist netazepide is a promising new medical treatment for type 1 gastric carcinoids, which appear to be gastrin-dependent. Controlled studies and long-term treatment are justified to find out whether netazepide treatment can eradicate type 1 gastric carcinoids.
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.