The French version of the Family Assessment Device

Can J Psychiatry. 2012 Sep;57(9):570-7. doi: 10.1177/070674371205700908.


Objective: To validate a French version of the Family Assessment Device (FAD), a well-known self-report questionnaire assessing family functioning in clinical and research settings.

Methods: A French adaptation of the FAD was administered to 3 groups of subjects: a nonclinical group (n = 115), relatives of psychiatric patients (n = 102), and medical patients and their relatives (n = 106). Temporal stability was assessed by test-retest intraclass correlations. Internal consistency was measured by Cronbach alpha reliability coefficients. Discriminant validity was explored, comparing the scores of the 3 groups, using a covariance analysis (ANCOVA). The dimensional structure of the instrument was explored using a principal component analysis, with promax oblique rotation, on the entire sample.

Results: The French FAD showed good temporal stability and good discriminant validity across groups. Internal consistency was satisfactory only for the General Functioning (GF) subscale. Factor analysis yielded a 3-factor model. The GF subscale was highly correlated with all of the other subscales.

Conclusions: The French version of the FAD provides a valuable tool for assessing family functioning. However, our study failed to identify the theoretical structure of the FAD and suggests that the GF subscale could be used as a better overall indicator of family functioning.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Family / psychology*
  • Family Characteristics*
  • Female
  • France
  • Human Activities / psychology
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychometrics* / methods
  • Psychometrics* / standards
  • Reference Standards
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Social Adjustment
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Translating*