Ultrasonographic and clinicopathological features of feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia in four cats

J Feline Med Surg. 2013 Feb;15(2):148-54. doi: 10.1177/1098612X12464224. Epub 2012 Oct 16.


Four cats with feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia (FGESF) are described. Clinical signs included decreased appetite, weight loss, vomiting and diarrhea. Bloodwork abnormalities included mild neutrophilia (n = 2) and hyperglobulinemia with concurrent hyperproteinemia (n = 2). Ultrasonographically, a total of five solitary masses with mural thickening and loss of layering were identified in the stomach, duodenum, jejunum and colon. In one cat a second, separate lesion was diagnosed 3 weeks following surgical resection of one mass. Histopathologically, lesions were characterized by collagen trabeculae and mixed inflammatory cell infiltrates, predominantly eosinophils. Multiple areas of necrosis were also noted, which contained bacteria in 2/4 cats. In two cats, changes consistent with FGESF were also noted in the liver. All cats had surgical resection of their lesions. Two cats are still living at time of publication (43 and 24 months post-surgery). FGESF should be considered as a differential for intestinal masses in cats.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Cat Diseases / pathology*
  • Cats
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / pathology
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases / veterinary*
  • Male
  • Ultrasonography