Purpose: To identify mutations in FZD4 and LRP5 in 49 Chinese families with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) and to reveal the mutation spectrum and frequency of these genes in the Chinese population.
Methods: Clinical data and genomic DNA were collected for patients from 49 families with FEVR. The coding exons and adjacent intronic regions of FZD4 and LRP5 were amplified with polymerase chain reaction, and the resulting amplicons were analyzed with Sanger sequencing.
Results: Eleven mutations were detected in 11 of the 49 families (22.4%), including five mutations in the FZD4 gene in six families and six mutations in the LRP5 gene in five families. Of the 11 mutations, eight were novel. Two families had the same FZD4 mutation, and one family had compound heterozygous mutations in LRP5. The phenotypes of the patients with the mutations showed great variability.
Conclusions: Our findings provide an overview of the mutation spectrum and frequency of FZD4 and LRP5 in Chinese patients with FEVR and emphasize the complexity of FEVR mutations and phenotypes.