Cybergrooming: risk factors, coping strategies and associations with cyberbullying

Psicothema. 2012 Nov;24(4):628-33.


The use of information and communication technologies has become ubiquitous among adolescents. New forms of cyber aggression have emerged, cybergrooming is one of them. However, little is known about the nature and extent of cybergrooming. The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors of being cybergroomed, to identify various coping strategies and to explore the associations between being cyberbullied and cybergroomed. The sample consisted of 518 students in 6th to 10th grades. The computer assisted personal interview method (CAPI method) was implemented. The «Mobbing Questionnaire for Students» by Jäger et al. (2007) was further developed for this study and served as the research instrument. While being a girl, being cyberbullied and willingness to meet strangers could be identified as risk factors; no significant age differences were found. Furthermore, three types of coping strategies - aggressive, cognitive-technical and helpless - with varied impacts were identified. The findings not only shed light on understanding cybergrooming, but also suggest worth noting associations between various forms of cyber aggression.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adolescent
  • Bullying / psychology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internet*
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Offenses / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires