Elevated epidermal thymic stromal lymphopoietin levels establish an antitumor environment in the skin

Cancer Cell. 2012 Oct 16;22(4):494-505. doi: 10.1016/j.ccr.2012.08.017.

Abstract

Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin (TSLP), a cytokine implicated in induction of T helper 2 (Th2)-mediated allergic inflammation, has recently been shown to stimulate solid tumor growth and metastasis. Conversely, studying mice with clonal loss of Notch signaling in their skin revealed that high levels of TSLP released by barrier-defective skin caused a severe inflammation, resulting in gradual elimination of Notch-deficient epidermal clones and resistance to skin tumorigenesis. We found CD4(+) T cells to be both required and sufficient to mediate these effects of TSLP. Importantly, TSLP overexpression in wild-type skin also caused resistance to tumorigenesis, confirming that TSLP functions as a tumor suppressor in the skin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptive Immunity
  • Animals
  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / physiology
  • Cytokines / analysis
  • Cytokines / physiology*
  • Dermatitis / complications
  • Genes, ras
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Receptors, Notch / physiology
  • Signal Transduction
  • Skin / immunology*
  • Skin Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins / physiology*

Substances

  • Cytokines
  • Receptors, Notch
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • thymic stromal lymphopoietin