Synergistic antibacterial activity of the essential oil of aguaribay (Schinus molle L.)

Molecules. 2012 Oct 12;17(10):12023-36. doi: 10.3390/molecules171012023.


Schinus molle L. (aguaribay, aroeira-falsa, "molle", family Anacardiaceae), a native of South America, produces an active antibacterial essential oil extracted from the leaves and fruits. This work reports a complete study of its chemical composition and determines the antibacterial activity of Schinus molle L. essential oil and its main components. The results showed that the crude extract essential oil has a potent antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, a strong/moderate effect on Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and moderate/weak one on Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anacardiaceae / chemistry*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Drug Synergism
  • Escherichia coli / drug effects
  • Fruit / chemistry
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Plant Oils / chemistry
  • Plant Oils / pharmacology*
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / drug effects
  • Staphylococcus aureus / drug effects


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Plant Extracts
  • Plant Oils