Influence of 5-(3-chlorophenyl)-4-(4-methylphenyl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione on the anticonvulsant action of 4 classical antiepileptic drugs in the mouse maximal electroshock-induced seizure model

Pharmacol Rep. 2012;64(4):970-8. doi: 10.1016/s1734-1140(12)70893-9.


Background: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of 5-(3-chlorophenyl)-4-(4-methylphenyl)-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thione (TP10) on the protective action of 4 classical antiepileptic drugs - carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin and valproate - against maximal electroshock-induced seizures in mice.

Methods: Tonic hind limb extension (seizure activity) was evoked in adult male albino Swiss mice by an electric current (sine-wave, 25 mA, 500 V, 50 Hz, 0.2 s stimulus duration) delivered via auricular electrodes. Acute adverse-effect profiles with respect to motor performance, long-term memory and skeletal muscular strength were measured, together with total brain antiepileptic drug concentrations.

Results: TP10 administered intraperitoneally at 10 mg/kg significantly elevated the threshold for electroconvulsions in mice. TP10 at doses of 2.5 and 5 mg/kg had no impact on the threshold for electroconvulsions in mice. Moreover, TP10 (5 mg/kg) significantly enhanced the anticonvulsant activity of valproate, but not that of carbamazepine, phenobarbital or phenytoin in the maximal electroshock seizure test in mice. Pharmacokinetic experiments revealed that TP10 significantly elevated total brain concentrations of valproate in mice.

Conclusions: The enhanced anticonvulsant action of valproate by TP10 in the mouse maximal electroshock-induced seizure model was associated with a pharmacokinetic increase in total brain valproate concentrations in mice. The combinations of TP10 with carbamazepine, phenobarbital and phenytoin were neutral from a preclinical viewpoint.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anticonvulsants / pharmacology*
  • Brain / drug effects
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Drug Interactions
  • Electroshock
  • Male
  • Memory, Long-Term / drug effects
  • Mice
  • Motor Activity / drug effects
  • Muscle Strength / drug effects
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects
  • Seizures / drug therapy*


  • Anticonvulsants