Purpose: To actualize and to detail guidelines used in technical radiotherapy and indications for innovative radiation technologies in early axillary node negative breast cancer (BC).
Methods: Dosimetric and treatment planning studies, phase II and III trials, systematic reviews and retrospective studies were all searched (Medline(®) database). Their quality and clinical relevance were also checked against validated checklists. A level of evidence was associated for each result.
Results: A total of 75 references were included. Adjuvant BC radiotherapy (50Gy/25 fractions/5 weeks followed by a tumor boost of 16Gy/8 fractions) is still the standard of care. Overall treatment time could be shortened for patients who present with low local relapse risk BC by using either hypofractionated whole breast irradiation; or accelerated partial breast irradiation. BC IMRT is not used in current practice.
Conclusion: Our group aimed to provide guidelines for technical and clinical applications of innovative BC radiation technologies.
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