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Review
, 29 (2), 209-16

L5 Spondylolysis/Spondylolisthesis: A Comprehensive Review With an Anatomic Focus

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Review

L5 Spondylolysis/Spondylolisthesis: A Comprehensive Review With an Anatomic Focus

Paul Foreman et al. Childs Nerv Syst.

Abstract

Introduction: Spondylolysis is most commonly observed in the lumbar spine, particularly L5, and is associated with spondylolisthesis, or anterior "slippage" of a vertebra in relation to an adjacent vertebra. Isthmic spondylolisthesis is the result of a pars interarticularis defect and will be the only type of spondylolisthesis addressed in this review.

Conclusions: Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis represent a relatively common cause of low back pain, especially in young athletes, and a less common cause of neurologic compromise. When discovered in a symptomatic patient with corroborating imaging findings, early intervention provides an excellent prognosis. Herein, we review the anatomy and pathology of spondylosis and spondylolisthesis of the L5 vertebra.

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