Development of the "Playing-in-Touch" (PiT) questionnaire: a measure of musical intouchness in people with low-functioning autism

Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2012;33(5):552-8.


Background: There is accumulating evidence that people with autism have a particular affinity with music.

Methods: This study developed the "Playing-in-Touch" (PiT) questionnaire as an objective measure of musical intouchness - defined as the degree of engagement in creative exchange while playing ensemble music pieces - in persons with low-functioning autism.

Results: A 3-facet Rasch model supported the content and construct validity of the PiT scale. The items verified a one-dimensional hierarchical model.

Conclusions: The PiT questionnaire is a convenient complement to other research methodologies exploring the attitudes of people with low-functioning autism in terms of active music making.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attitude*
  • Autistic Disorder / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Music / psychology*
  • Psychometrics / standards*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Videotape Recording
  • Young Adult