Modeling stented coronary arteries: where we are, where to go

Ann Biomed Eng. 2013 Jul;41(7):1428-44. doi: 10.1007/s10439-012-0681-6. Epub 2012 Oct 23.


In the last two decades, numerical models have become well-recognized and widely adopted tools to investigate stenting procedures. Due to limited computational resources and modeling capabilities, early numerical studies only involved simplified cases and idealized stented arteries. Nowadays, increased computational power allows for numerical models to meet clinical needs and include more complex cases such as the implantation of multiple stents in bifurcations or curved vessels. Interesting progresses have been made in the numerical modeling of stenting procedures both from a structural and a fluid dynamics points of view. Moreover, in the drug eluting stents era, new insights on drug elution capabilities are becoming essential in the stent development. Lastly, image-based methods able to reconstruct realistic geometries from medical images have been proposed in the recent literature aiming to better describe the peculiar anatomical features of coronary vessels and increase the accuracy of the numerical models. In this light, this review provides a comprehensive analysis of the current state-of-the-art in this research area, discussing the main methodological advances and remarkable results drawn from a number of significant studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Coronary Vessels / physiology*
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Humans
  • Models, Cardiovascular*
  • Stents*