Cabazitaxel: more than a new taxane for metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer?

Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Dec 15;18(24):6574-9. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-1584. Epub 2012 Oct 22.


The taxanes are recognized as a major class of chemotherapeutic agents; however, mechanisms of innate and acquired resistance can limit their usefulness. Cabazitaxel, a novel taxane with microtubule-stabilizing potency similar to docetaxel, exhibits activity against tumor cell lines resistant to paclitaxel and docetaxel. Cabazitaxel showed linear pharmacokinetics and a terminal elimination half-life comparable with that of docetaxel, findings which support dosing as a single infusion in three-week treatment cycles. Dose-ranging studies recommended doses of 20 or 25 mg/m(2) every three weeks. Antitumor activity was shown in patients with advanced cancer and chemotherapy failure (including taxane failure). Other early studies investigated the efficacy of cabazitaxel in pretreated metastatic breast cancer, either as a single agent or in combination with capecitabine. Objective antitumor response rates of up to 24% and sustained tumor stabilizations were also observed. The TROPIC phase III study, conducted in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer previously treated with docetaxel, established cabazitaxel as the first chemotherapeutic agent to offer a survival advantage in this patient population. Across these studies, the dose-limiting hematologic toxicity was neutropenia (including febrile neutropenia), usually controllable with colony-stimulating factor/granulocyte-colony stimulating factor support.

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • Taxoids / pharmacokinetics
  • Taxoids / therapeutic use*


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Taxoids
  • cabazitaxel