Ocular myositis

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2013 Jun;13(3):315-21. doi: 10.1007/s11882-012-0319-7.


Ocular myositis frequently manifests with orbital pain and diplopia. The diagnosis of ocular myositis falls within the overall classification of idiopathic orbital inflammatory diseases, defined as non-infective non-specific orbital inflammation without identifiable local or systemic causes. Orbital myositis may form part of more widespread systemic inflammatory processes such as Crohn's disease and the more recently described IgG4-related disease. There is also a broad range of ophthalmic differential diagnoses. Diagnosis, assessment and management of ocular myositis requires the cooperation of ophthalmologists and rheumatologists/immunologists in order to achieve the best patient outcomes. The current literature and avenues of future research are reviewed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diplopia / diagnosis
  • Eye Pain / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Oculomotor Muscles / pathology
  • Orbital Myositis* / diagnosis
  • Orbital Myositis* / therapy
  • Orbital Pseudotumor / diagnosis