Pediatric renal replacement therapy in the intensive care unit

Blood Purif. 2012;34(2):138-48. doi: 10.1159/000342129. Epub 2012 Oct 24.


Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is used in a wide variety of pediatric populations. In this article, we will review the advantages and disadvantages of the different RRT modalities and the technical aspects of providing pediatric RRT. In addition, we will review the use of RRT with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, the use of continuous RRT in the critically ill child with acute kidney injury and fluid overload, and the use of RRT for the removal of toxins and treatment of inborn errors of metabolism.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / therapy*
  • Child
  • Critical Illness / therapy*
  • Equipment Design
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation / instrumentation
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation / methods*
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Metabolism, Inborn Errors / therapy
  • Renal Replacement Therapy / instrumentation
  • Renal Replacement Therapy / methods*