[Role of computed tomography in the diagnosis of acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome]

Recenti Prog Med. 2012 Nov;103(11):459-64. doi: 10.1701/1166.12889.
[Article in Italian]


Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is a complex pulmonary pathology with high mortality rates, manifesting over a wide range of severity. Clinical diagnosis relies on the following 4 criteria stated by the American-European Consensus Conference: acute onset of impaired gas exchange, severe hypoxemia defined as a PaO2 to FiO2 ratio <300 (PaO2 in mmHg), bilateral diffuse infiltration on chest X-ray; pulmonary artery wedge pressure of ≤18 mmHg to rule out cardiogenic causes of pulmonary edema. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of CT in the diagnosis and management of this condition.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Lung Injury / diagnostic imaging*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / diagnostic imaging*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
  • Young Adult