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Comparative Study
. 2013 Jul;16(3):420-7.
doi: 10.1007/s10120-012-0207-9. Epub 2012 Oct 25.

Various Types of Intracorporeal Esophagojejunostomy After Laparoscopic Total Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer

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Comparative Study

Various Types of Intracorporeal Esophagojejunostomy After Laparoscopic Total Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer

Jung Ho Shim et al. Gastric Cancer. .

Abstract

Background: Even for expert surgeons, esophagojejunostomy after laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) is not always easy to perform. Herein, we compare various types of esophagojejunostomy in terms of the technical aspects and postoperative outcomes.

Methods: A total of 48 patients underwent LTG for gastric cancer by the same surgeon. Four types of intracorporeal esophagojejunostomies have been applied after LTG: type A, a conventional anvil head method; type B, an OrVil™ system method; type C, a hemi-double stapling technique with anvil head; and type D, side-to-side esophagojejunostomy with linear stapler. We describe and review these types of esophagojejunostomy using a step-by-step approach.

Results: The mean reconstruction times were longer for types A and B than for types C and D (p < 0.05). In terms of complications, there were five cases (10.4%) of anastomosis leakage, which was more common in types A and B: two cases in each of type A and B and one case in type C. Moreover, anastomosis stricture requiring intervention was more common in types A and B (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: To date, there are no reliable reconstruction methods after LTG. Therefore, special care is needed to prevent postoperative complication regardless of methods; also, technical innovations to support development of the safest methods of esophagojejunostomy are warranted.

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