Evolution of fungal sexual reproduction

Mycologia. Jan-Feb 2013;105(1):1-27. doi: 10.3852/12-253. Epub 2012 Oct 25.

Abstract

We review here recent advances in our understanding of the genetic, molecular and genomic basis of sex determination and sexual reproduction in the fungal kingdom as a window on the evolution of sex in eukaryotes more generally. In particular, we focus on the evolution of the mating-type locus and transitions in modes of sexual reproduction using examples from throughout the kingdom. These examples illustrate general principles of the origins of mating-type loci/sex chromosomes and the balance between inbreeding and outcrossing afforded by different modes of sexual reproduction involving tetrapolar, bipolar and unipolar sexual cycles.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biological Evolution*
  • Fungi / classification
  • Fungi / genetics
  • Fungi / physiology*
  • Genes, Mating Type, Fungal
  • Phylogeny
  • Reproduction