Caregiver perspectives on unintentional injury risk in children with an autism spectrum disorder

J Pediatr Nurs. 2012 Dec;27(6):632-41. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2011.07.013. Epub 2011 Sep 13.

Abstract

Unintentional injury risk research for children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is currently limited. This article presents findings from a two-phase investigation of caregiver perspectives regarding unintentional injury risk in children with an ASD. Results indicate that children with an ASD exhibit elevated rates of risk-taking behaviors compared with peers, which increases the likelihood of more frequent and severe injuries. In addition, although ASD symptom severity positively correlated with risk-taking behavior and frequency of injury, children with an ASD were rarely rated as high risks for injury by caregivers. Implications are discussed in the context of pediatric health service provision.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Accident Prevention*
  • Caregivers / education*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Child
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / complications*
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / diagnosis
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / psychology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Injury Severity Score
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Needs Assessment
  • Parents / education*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk-Taking
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • United States
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control