Nutrition in alcoholic liver disease

Clin Liver Dis. 2012 Nov;16(4):805-26. doi: 10.1016/j.cld.2012.08.009.

Abstract

The liver plays an important role in the metabolism, synthesis, storage, and absorption of nutrients. Patients with cirrhosis are prone to nutritional deficiencies and malnutrition, with a higher prevalence among patients with decompensated disease. Mechanisms of nutritional deficiencies in patients with liver disease are not completely understood and probably multifactorial. Malnutrition among patients with cirrhosis or alcoholic liver disease correlates with poor quality of life, increased risk of infections, frequent hospitalizations, complications, mortality, poor graft and patient survival after liver transplantation, and economic burden. Physicians, including gastroenterologists and hepatologists, should be conversant with assessment and management of malnutrition and nutritional supplementation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dietary Supplements
  • Humans
  • Liver Diseases, Alcoholic / complications
  • Liver Diseases, Alcoholic / physiopathology*
  • Malnutrition / etiology
  • Malnutrition / physiopathology
  • Malnutrition / therapy
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Nutrition Disorders / etiology
  • Nutrition Disorders / physiopathology
  • Nutrition Disorders / therapy
  • Nutrition Therapy
  • Nutritional Status*