On-demand nanodevice with electrical and neuromorphic multifunction realized by local ion migration

ACS Nano. 2012 Nov 27;6(11):9515-21. doi: 10.1021/nn302510e. Epub 2012 Oct 31.


A potential route to extend Moore's law beyond the physical limits of existing materials and device architectures is to achieve nanotechnology breakthroughs in materials and device concepts. Here, we discuss an on-demand WO(3-x)-based nanoionic device where electrical and neuromorphic multifunctions are realized through externally induced local migration of oxygen ions. The device is found to possess a wide range of time scales of memorization, resistance switching, and rectification varying from volatile to permanent in a single device, and these can furthermore be realizable in both two- or three-terminal systems. The gradually changing volatile and nonvolatile resistance states are experimentally demonstrated to mimic the human brain's forgetting process for short-term memory and long-term memory.We propose this nanoionic device with its on-demand electrical and neuromorphic multifunction has a unique paradigm shifting potential for the fabrication of configurable circuits, analog memories, digital-neural fused networks, and more in one device architecture.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomimetics / instrumentation*
  • Electronics / instrumentation*
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Humans
  • Nanotechnology / instrumentation*
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation*