Background: Neoadjuvant treatment is thought to improve resection with margin-negative surgery in locally advanced soft-tissue sarcomas (STS). Treatment-induced alterations of the tumor peripheryhave not yet been microscopically evaluated.
Objective: This histopathological study compared limb STS with primary resection and those that had undergone neoadjuvant treatment, emphasizing microscopic changes of the fibrous capsule (FC) and reactive zone (RZ) after neoadjuvant treatment.
Patients and methods: Patients with primary high-grade limb sarcomas (N = 76) which have not previously been treated were included. Of those, 37 were primarily resected and 39 were treated with one of the following neoadjuvant treatment modalities: 7x chemotherapy (CTX), 3x radiotherapy (RT), 15x isolated limb perfusion (ILP), 8x CTX + RT, and 6x CTX + ILP. Sizes of the FC and RZ were microscopically measured, and FC-integrity was documented. Histopathologic regression was expressed as a percent.
Results: Only 35.1% of untreated sarcomas showed an intact FC. We observed significantly higher capsular integrity after treatment (76.9%). Additionally, the average width of the FC (0.21 mm vs. 0.61 mm) and RZ (0.67 mm vs. 1.48 mm) increased significantly. The extent of histopathologic regression showed a correlation with capsular integrity and width. The combination of two treatment modalities (CTX + RT or ILP) showed strongest effects at the tumor periphery.
Conclusions: Neoadjuvant treatment stabilizes the tumor periphery in STS (e.g., the capsule). Concerning local treatment strategies, these novel histopathologic insights might significantly influence the decision as to whether primary resection is advisable in advanced local soft-tissue sarcoma.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.