Haemophilus parainfluenzae: report of an unusual cause of neonatal sepsis and a literature review

J Infect Dev Ctries. 2012 Oct 19;6(10):748-50. doi: 10.3855/jidc.2243.


Haemphilus parainfluenzae, an unusual cause of early-onset neonatal sepsis, is rarely reported. Risk factors for this serious infection include prolonged rupture of membranes, choriamnionitis, and prematurity. A high index of suspicion, proper culture techniques, and rapid species identification are needed to diagnose H. parainfluenzae sepsis. We present the first documented case from India with a review of the literature.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Haemophilus Infections / diagnosis*
  • Haemophilus Infections / microbiology*
  • Haemophilus Infections / pathology
  • Haemophilus parainfluenzae / isolation & purification*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Sepsis / diagnosis*
  • Sepsis / microbiology*
  • Sepsis / pathology