The stereoselective binding of carprofen enantiomers and carprofen glucuronide diastereomers to human serum albumin (HSA) was studied using an ultrafiltration method. Carprofen glucuronides exhibit a considerable and stereoselective affinity to HSA, although less than that seen for the parent enantiomers. The (S)-glucuronide showed a higher binding affinity to HSA than the (R)-glucuronide. The (S)-enantiomer of unmetabolized carprofen was bound to fatty acid free HSA to a much greater extent than the (R)-enantiomer. Warfarin reduced the binding of the glucuronides to a greater extent than did diazepam, but diazepam displaced the unconjugated enantiomers to a greater extent than did warfarin. These results suggest differences in binding region between the carprofen enantiomers and their glucuronides on the albumin molecule.