Growth and development of the orbit

Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2012 Nov;24(4):545-55. doi: 10.1016/j.coms.2012.08.001.


Every surgeon operating on the face, and particularly around the eye, should possess a working knowledge of the critical details related to development of the human orbit and recognized changes that occur during the course of aging. The anatomy of the orbit and periorbital region is complex, and the diagnosis and treatment of patients with orbital/periorbital disease requires expertise in congenital differences and awareness of the changes that occur as individuals age.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology
  • Eye / anatomy & histology
  • Eye / growth & development
  • Humans
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures
  • Orbit / anatomy & histology
  • Orbit / growth & development*
  • Orbital Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Orbital Diseases / surgery*