Modeling consists in aggregating separate pieces of knowledge, according to a given structure and rules. It allows studying the behavior of more or less complex systems by simulation techniques. Modeling is used in different state-of-the-art technological domains (meteorology, aeronautics). Its use has grown for the evaluation of medicines and medical devices, from conception to prescription (marketing authorization, reimbursement, price setting and re-registrations). It follows a scientific approach and is the object of good practice recommendations. Coupling models to virtual populations allows obtaining realistic results at the population level, testing diagnostic or therapeutic strategies, as well as estimating the consequences of transposing the results of clinical trials to the population. Through examples, the participants of the Round Table analyzed the contributions of the coupling of models and realistic virtual populations, and proposed guidelines for their judicious and systematic use.
© 2012 Société Française de Pharmacologie et de Thérapeutique.