Imaging of rickettsial, spirochetal, and parasitic infections

Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2012 Nov;22(4):633-57. doi: 10.1016/j.nic.2012.05.015. Epub 2012 Sep 29.

Abstract

This article is an update and literature review of the clinical and neuroimaging findings of the commonly known rickettsial, spirochetal, and eukaryotic parasitic infections. Being familiar with clinical presentation and imaging findings of these infections is crucial for early diagnosis and treatment especially in patients who live in or have a travel history to endemic regions or are immunocompromised.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / etiology
  • Brain / pathology
  • Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Brain Neoplasms / secondary
  • Central Nervous System Bacterial Infections / diagnosis*
  • Central Nervous System Bacterial Infections / etiology
  • Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections / diagnosis*
  • Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections / etiology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted*
  • Lyme Disease / diagnosis
  • Lyme Disease / etiology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Neurosyphilis / diagnosis
  • Neurosyphilis / etiology
  • Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis
  • Opportunistic Infections / etiology
  • Q Fever / diagnosis
  • Q Fever / epidemiology
  • Q Fever / etiology
  • Rickettsiaceae Infections / diagnosis*
  • Rickettsiaceae Infections / etiology
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever* / diagnosis
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever* / etiology
  • Spinal Cord / pathology
  • Spirochaetales Infections / diagnosis*
  • Spirochaetales Infections / etiology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
  • Toxoplasmosis, Cerebral / diagnosis
  • Toxoplasmosis, Cerebral / etiology
  • Typhus, Epidemic Louse-Borne / diagnosis
  • Typhus, Epidemic Louse-Borne / etiology