Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to translate our laboratory investigations to establish safety and efficacy of 8 weeks of chronic SC B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) administration in human Stage C heart failure (HF).
Background: B-Type natriuretic peptide is a cardiac hormone with vasodilating, natriuretic, renin-angiotensin inhibiting, and lusitropic properties. We have previously demonstrated that chronic cardiac hormone replacement with subcutaneous (SC) administration of BNP in experimental HF resulted in improved cardiovascular function.
Methods: We performed a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled proof of concept study comparing 8 weeks of SC BNP (10 μg/kg bid) (n = 20) with placebo (n = 20) in patients with ejection fraction <35% and New York Heart Association functional class II to III HF. Primary outcomes were left ventricular (LV) volumes and LV mass determined by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Secondary outcomes include LV filling pressure by Doppler echo, humoral function, and renal function.
Results: Eight weeks of chronic SC BNP resulted in a greater reduction of LV systolic and diastolic volume index and LV mass index as compared with placebo. There was a significantly greater improvement of Minnesota Living with Heart Failure score, LV filling pressure as demonstrated by the reductions of E/e' ratio, and decrease in left atrial volume index as compared with placebo. Glomerular filtration rate was preserved with SC BNP, as was the ability to activate plasma 3',5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (p < 0.05 vs. placebo).
Conclusions: In this pilot proof of concept study, chronic protein therapy with SC BNP improved LV remodeling, LV filling pressure, and Minnesota Living with Heart Failure score in patients with stable systolic HF on optimal therapy. Renin-angiotensin was suppressed, and glomerular filtration rate was preserved. Subcutaneous BNP represents a novel, safe, and efficacious protein therapeutic strategy in human HF. Further studies are warranted to determine whether these physiologic observations can be translated into improved clinical outcomes and ultimately delay the progression of HF. (Cardiac Hormone Replacement With BNP in Heart Failure: A Novel Therapeutic Strategy; NCT00252187).
Copyright © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.