Objective: To evaluate the effect of obesity on the outcome of testicular sperm extraction (TESE) and assisted reproductive technology.
Design: Clinical retrospective study.
Setting: Center for reproductive medicine at a tertiary-care university hospital.
Patient(s): Nine hundred seventy patients with nonobstructive azoospermia.
Intervention(s): Microdissection TESE followed by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Main outcome measure(s): Sperm retrieval rate and clinical pregnancy rate.
Result(s): Testicular sperm were successfully retrieved in 55% of men overall. Of those with sperm found, clinical pregnancy rate was 51% and live birth rate 40%. Sperm retrieval rates were similar in men with body mass index (BMI) <25 kg/m(2), 25-30 kg/m(2), and >30 kg/m(2) (59%, 57%, and 54%, respectively). Mean BMI of men who contributed to pregnancy (27.3 ± 4.9 kg/m(2)) was lower than for men whose sperm did not contribute to a pregnancy (28.2 ± 5.4 kg/m(2)). No man with BMI >43 kg/m(2) (n = 11) contributed to a successful pregnancy, even though sperm were found in men with BMI up to 57 kg/m(2). On multivariable logistic regression analysis, male BMI was the only predictor of successful pregnancy among the variables analyzed, including male age, female age, and female BMI.
Conclusion(s): Overweight men have lower clinical pregnancy rate after microdissection TESE and ICSI compared with men with normal BMI. Men with BMI >43 kg/m(2) did not contribute to any pregnancies, despite successful sperm retrieval.
Copyright © 2013 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.