Psychotherapy for military-related posttraumatic stress disorder: review of the evidence

Clin Psychol Rev. 2013 Feb;33(1):45-53. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2012.10.002. Epub 2012 Oct 13.


Approximately 20% of the two million troops who have deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan may require treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We review treatment outcome studies on individual outpatient therapy for military-related PTSD, and consider the extent to which veterans initiate and complete available PTSD treatments. We conclude with considerations for future research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Afghan Campaign 2001-
  • Ambulatory Care / methods
  • Behavior Therapy / methods*
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods
  • Combat Disorders / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Iraq War, 2003-2011
  • Military Personnel / psychology*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States
  • United States Department of Veterans Affairs
  • Veterans / psychology*