Sodium, blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease: further evidence supporting the American Heart Association sodium reduction recommendations

Circulation. 2012 Dec 11;126(24):2880-9. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e318279acbf. Epub 2012 Nov 2.


Recent reports of selected observational studies and a meta-analysis have stirred controversy and have become the impetus for calls to abandon recommendations for reduced sodium intake by the US general population. A detailed review of these studies documents substantial methodological concerns that limit the usefulness of these studies in setting, much less reversing, dietary recommendations. Indeed, the evidence base supporting recommendations for reduced sodium intake in the general population remains robust and persuasive. The American Heart Association is committed to improving the health of all Americans through implementation of national goals for health promotion and disease prevention, including its recommendation to reduce dietary sodium intake to <1500 mg/d.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference

MeSH terms

  • American Heart Association
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiology / standards*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / diet therapy
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Diet, Sodium-Restricted / standards*
  • Humans
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage*
  • United States


  • Sodium Chloride, Dietary