Background: Intrahepatic recurrence after resection of intrahepatic or hilar cholangiocarcinoma represents a main reason for the poor prognosis of bile duct cancer. As no standard treatment has been established so far, the aim of this study was to analyse the safety and efficacy of computed tomography-guided high-dose rate brachytherapy (CT-HDRBT) as an alternative treatment in those patients.
Methods: The outcomes of 10 patients, who had been treated at least once for recurrent cholangiocarcinoma by CT-HDRBT, were retrospectively analysed.
Results: The median survival of all patients after primary liver resection was 85 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 68.129-101.871] with overall 1- and 5-year survival rates of 100% and 78.7%, respectively. After the occurrence of intrahepatic tumour recurrence, a total of 15 CT-HDRBT procedures were performed, alone or combined with other recurrence treatments, without any major complications according to the Society of Interventional Radiology classification. The 1-year and 5-year survival rates after recurrence treatment were 77.1% and 51.4%, respectively.
Conclusions: CT-HDRBT represents a safe treatment option for patients with recurrent bile duct cancer. As a part of a multimodal concept, CT-HDRBT might lead to a prolongation of survival in selected patients but further studies are urgently needed to prove this concept.
© 2012 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association.