The impacts of AIDS movements on the policy responses to HIV/AIDS in Brazil and South Africa: a comparative analysis

Glob Public Health. 2012;7(10):1031-44. doi: 10.1080/17441692.2012.736681. Epub 2012 Nov 9.


Brazil and South Africa were among the first countries profoundly impacted by the HIV/AIDS epidemic and had similar rates of HIV infection in the early 1990s. Today, Brazil has less than 1% adult HIV prevalence, implemented treatment and prevention programmes early in the epidemic, and now has exemplary HIV/AIDS programmes. South Africa, by contrast, has HIV prevalence of 18% and was, until recently, infamous for its delayed and inappropriate response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This article explores how differing relationships between AIDS movements and governments have impacted the evolving policy responses to the AIDS epidemic in both countries, including through AIDS programme finance, leadership and industrial policy related to production of generic medicines.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Drug Industry
  • Female
  • HIV Infections* / drug therapy
  • HIV Infections* / economics
  • HIV Infections* / epidemiology
  • Health Policy*
  • Health Services Accessibility / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Humans
  • Leadership
  • Male
  • Patient Advocacy*
  • South Africa / epidemiology