Maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 2 in a patient with a DGUOK mutation associated with hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome

Mol Genet Metab. 2012 Dec;107(4):700-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2012.10.008. Epub 2012 Oct 22.


We report maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 2 (matUPD2) in a 9-month-old girl presenting with hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome. This patient was homozygous for the c.352C>T (p.Arg118Cys) mutation in DGUOK gene. The proband's mother was heterozygous for the mutation was absent in DNA of the father. For proband, the absence of paternal contribution at the DGUOK locus prompted us to exclude intragenic DGUOK deletion of the paternal allele with Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis. We also excluded non-paternity by studying various markers at different loci. Then we performed an analysis of copy number variations and absence of heterozygosity (AOH) on the proband DNA using high resolution oligonucleotides microarray. Several large regions of AOH with no copy number change were detected on chromosome 2 and one of these AOH regions encompassed DGUOK gene. These results were confirmed with haplotype analysis using polymorphic markers. Informative SNPs and microsatellites markers spanning the whole chromosome 2 showed a matUPD2 with heterodisomy and isodisomy regions, the absence of paternal allele and presence of two maternal alleles, with only one maternal allele on the region of DGUOK locus in 2p13.1. This is the first demonstration of matUPD2 with segmental isodisomy at 2p13.1 locus in hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome. The identification of UPD2 will impact genetic counseling for the proband's parents. Because the recurrence risk for UPD2 is very low, the risk for disease in further offspring for this couple is negligible.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2
  • Comparative Genomic Hybridization
  • Exons
  • Female
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Mitochondrial Myopathies / genetics*
  • Mutation*
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / genetics*
  • Syndrome
  • Uniparental Disomy*


  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • deoxyguanosine kinase

Supplementary concepts

  • Mitochondrial DNA Depletion Syndrome, Hepatocerebral Form, Autosomal Recessive
  • Uniparental disomy of chromosome 2