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, 34 (6), 337-41

[High Plasmatic Concentration of Vitamin B12: An Indicator of Hepatic Diseases or Tumors]

[Article in French]
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[High Plasmatic Concentration of Vitamin B12: An Indicator of Hepatic Diseases or Tumors]

[Article in French]
M Jammal et al. Rev Med Interne.

Abstract

Purpose: To identify the diseases that are associated with a high plasma concentration of vitamin B12 and to measure the strength of this association.

Patients and methods: Retrospective study including all admissions between 1st May, 2005 and 30th April, 2008 in the UMAG pole departments (emergency, internal medicine, acute geriatrics and medical intensive care) with a test for plasma vitamin B12. The association between each of medical information system codes (solid tumors, malignant hematologic process, and renal disease) and a high or low vitamin B12 concentration was measured by odds ratios (OR) from logistic models taking into account repeated admissions, with adjustment for age and the weighted Charlson index.

Results: Among 3702 admissions, 12% had a B12 more than 820pg/ml, 10.4% a B12 less than 180pg/ml and 77.6% a normal B12 concentration. After adjustment for age and the weighted Charlson index, high concentration of vitamin B12 was associated with interstitial renal diseases (OR 2.7; 95% CI: [1.7-4.2]), and cirrhosis or hepatitis (OR 4.3; [2.9-6.4]). After additional adjustment for these parameters, it was still associated with tumors (OR 1.8; [1.2-2.6]), malignant hematologic diseases (OR 2.1; [1.3-3.5]), metastasis (OR 2.9; [1.5-5.9]), liver metastasis (OR 6.2; [2.7-14.5]), liver carcinoma (LC) (OR 3.3; [1.1-10.4]), liver tumors other than LC (OR 4.7; [1.2-17.9]) and lymphoma (OR 3.2; [1.6-6.4]) but not with myeloma (OR 1.9; [0.6-1.4]). Low concentration of B12 was associated with myeloma (OR 2.9; [1.3-6.6]).

Conclusion: Finding a high plasma concentration of vitamin B12 should lead to a systematic search for a hepatic disease or a tumor, and particularly for a hepatic localization of a tumor.

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