COL4A5-associated X-linked Alport syndrome in a female patient with early inner ear deafness due to a mutation in MYH9

Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2012 Nov;27(11):4236-40. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfs468.


Alport syndrome (ATS) is a type-IV collagen inherited disorder, caused by mutations in COL4A3 and COL4A4 (autosomal recessive) or COL4A5 (X-linked). Clinical symptoms include progressive renal disease, eye abnormalities and high-tone sensorineural deafness. A renal histology very similar to ATS is observed in a subset of patients affected by mutations in MYH9, encoding non-muscle-myosin Type IIa--a cytoskeletal contractile protein. MYH9-associated disorders (May-Hegglin anomaly, Epstein and Fechtner syndrome, and others) are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and characterized by defects in different organs (including eyes, ears, kidneys and thrombocytes). We describe here a 6-year-old girl with haematuria, proteinuria, and early sensorineural hearing loss. The father of the patient is affected by ATS, the mother by isolated inner ear deafness. Genetic testing revealed a pathogenic mutation in COL4A5 (c.2605G>A) in the girl and her father and a heterozygous mutation in MYH9 (c.4952T>G) in the girl and her mother. The paternal COL4A5 mutation seems to account for the complete phenotype of ATS in the father and the maternal mutation in MYH9 for the inner ear deafness in the mother. It has been discussed that the interaction of both mutations could be responsible for both the unexpected severity of ATS symptoms and the very early onset of inner ear deafness in the girl.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Collagen Type IV / genetics*
  • Deafness / complications
  • Deafness / genetics*
  • Female
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / complications
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Motor Proteins / genetics*
  • Mutation
  • Myosin Heavy Chains / genetics*
  • Nephritis, Hereditary / complications
  • Nephritis, Hereditary / genetics*


  • COL4A5 protein, human
  • Collagen Type IV
  • MYH9 protein, human
  • Molecular Motor Proteins
  • Myosin Heavy Chains