Occurrence of CCSVI in Patients With MS and Its Relationship With Iron Metabolism and Varicose Veins

Eur J Neurol. 2013 Mar;20(3):519-26. doi: 10.1111/ene.12010. Epub 2012 Nov 12.

Abstract

Background and purpose: A new treatable venous disorder, chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), has been proposed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Its relationship with iron metabolism is suggested, but has not been examined prospectively.

Methods: We performed extra- and transcranial echo colour Doppler (ECD) in 90 patients with MS and 41 healthy controls (HC). Indices of iron metabolism and the presence of peripheral signs of impaired venous flow were also examined.

Results: The ECD examination showed CCSVI in 8 (9%) of the 90 patients with MS and 0 HC (P = 0.11). The 8 CCSVI-positive MS patients were older (P = 0.02), had less often relapsing-remitting-MS (P = 0.02) and had more neurological disability assessed by expanded disability status scale (EDSS, P = 0.001) and longer duration of disease (P = 0.02) in comparison with the 82 CCSVI-negative MS patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that EDSS remained an independent factor associated with CCSVI (odds ratio 1.89, 95%CI 1.17-3.05, P-value = 0.009). CCSVI MS patients more often had bilateral telangiectasia at the legs (P = 0.008), reticular veins (P = 0.006) and venous stasis dermatitis (P = 0.004). No relationship was found between CCSVI and impaired iron metabolism in patients with MS.

Conclusions: CCSVI is uncommon and is a secondary epiphenomenon in MS and related to more neurological disability and the presence of varicose veins at the legs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iron / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Sclerosis / complications*
  • Multiple Sclerosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Multiple Sclerosis / metabolism
  • Spinal Cord / blood supply*
  • Spinal Cord / diagnostic imaging
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial
  • Varicose Veins / complications*
  • Varicose Veins / diagnostic imaging
  • Venous Insufficiency / complications*
  • Venous Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging

Substances

  • Iron