Hypocalcaemia is a common electrolyte disturbance, especially in the inpatient setting. There are a wide variety of causes of hypocalcaemia and correct management depends on the underlying diagnosis. However, acute hypocalcaemia is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and should be managed as a medical emergency. Chronic care of the hypocalcaemic patient is also briefly described, as this is an important opportunity to reduce further admissions related to both hypocalcaemic and hypercalcaemic presentations.
Keywords: hypocalcaemia; parathyroid hormone; vitamin D.