Endocrine and metabolic emergencies: thyroid storm

Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jun;1(3):139-45. doi: 10.1177/2042018810382481.


Thyrotoxicosis is a common endocrine condition that may be secondary to a number of underlying processes. Thyroid storm (also known as thyroid or thyrotoxic crisis) represents the severe end of the spectrum of thyrotoxicosis and is characterized by compromised organ function. Whilst rare in the modern era, the mortality rate remains high, and prompt consideration of this endocrine emergency, with specific treatments, can improve outcomes.

Keywords: hyperthyroidism; thyroid storm; thyrotoxic crisis; thyrotoxicosis.