Hyperlenses and metalenses for far-field super-resolution imaging

Nat Commun. 2012;3:1205. doi: 10.1038/ncomms2176.


The resolution of conventional optical lens systems is always hampered by the diffraction limit. Recent developments in artificial metamaterials provide new avenues to build hyperlenses and metalenses that are able to image beyond the diffraction limit. Hyperlenses project super-resolution information to the far field through a magnification mechanism, whereas metalenses not only super-resolve subwavelength details but also enable optical Fourier transforms. Recently, there have been numerous designs for hyperlenses and metalenses, bringing fresh theoretical and experimental advances, though future directions and challenges remain to be overcome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.