Objectives: To evaluate recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) for patients who underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy (RALH) for uterine malignancies.
Methods: Medical records from 372 patients with uterine malignancies who underwent RALH from 3/06 to 3/09 at two institutions were reviewed for clinico-pathologic data, adjuvant therapies, disease recurrence, and survival. Median follow-up for survival analysis was 31 ± 14 months. Thirty (8.1%) patients were lost to follow-up before 12 months and censored from the recurrence analysis.
Results: Mean age and BMI of 372 patients was 61.8 ± 9.8 years and 32.2 ± 8.4 kg/m(2) (range 19-70). Robotic procedures included RALH 16 (4.3%), RALH with pelvic lymphadenectomy (PL) 96 (25.8%), and RALH with pelvic-and-aortic lymphadenectomy (PAL) 252 (67.7%) cases. Histology included 319 (85.8%) endometrioid and 53 (12.6%) high-risk histologies. Mean pelvic and aortic lymph node counts were 16.8 ± 8.7 and 8.4 ± 4.5, respectively. Lymph node metastases were identified in 26 (7.3%) cases. Adjuvant therapies were prescribed for 108 (29.1%) of patients: 7.8% brachytherapy, 1.9% pelvic radiation+brachytherapy, 7.8% chemotherapy, 11.6% chemotherapy+radiation. Risk of recurrence for all patients was 8.3% and 17 (4.6%) patients died of disease. The estimated 3-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) for the entire study group was 89.3% and the estimated 5-year overall survival (OS) was 89.1%, compared to 92.5% and 93.4% for the endometrioid sub-set.
Conclusions: Patients with endometrial cancer undergoing robotic hysterectomy with staging lymphadenectomies during our 3-years of robotic experience had low-risk for recurrence and excellent disease-specific survival at a median follow-up time of 31 months.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.