Larynx: anatomic imaging for diagnosis and management

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2012 Dec;45(6):1325-61. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2012.08.006.

Abstract

Imaging with CT, MRI, or fluorodeoxyglucose F 18-positron emission tomography is often an important complement to laryngoscopy for diagnosis and management of laryngeal pathology. At most centers, CT is the most popular modality for general laryngeal imaging given its widespread availability, ease of acquisition, and familiarity to clinicians, whereas MRI and positron emission tomography are used as problem-solving tools. Frequent indications for laryngeal imaging include cancer staging, suspected submucosal abnormalities, vocal cord paralysis, laryngeal trauma, and laryngotracheal stenosis. This article reviews the primary imaging modalities used for evaluation of, normal cross-sectional anatomy of, and radiologic features of common diseases of the larynx.

MeSH terms

  • Calcinosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • Glottis
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology
  • Hoarseness / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Laryngeal Cartilages / pathology
  • Laryngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Laryngocele / diagnosis
  • Laryngoscopy
  • Laryngostenosis / diagnosis
  • Larynx / anatomy & histology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Vocal Cord Paralysis / diagnosis