Effect of kosher salt application on microbial profiles of poultry carcasses

Poult Sci. 2012 Dec;91(12):3247-52. doi: 10.3382/ps.2012-02457.


The effect of conventionally applied kosher salt on the microbiological profile of posteviscerated chicken carcasses obtained from a local commercial processing facility was evaluated. The broiler carcasses were divided into treatments 1 through 8. Standard sampling methods were used to evaluate Salmonella prevalence, aerobic plate counts, coliforms, generic Escherichia coli, and psychrotroph counts. Results indicate significant reductions in microbial populations in all the salted groups compared with controls. Significant reductions (1.45, 2.31, 2.81, and 1.48 log cfu/mL of rinse) were obtained for aerobic plate count (APC), coliforms, generic E. coli, and psychrotroph counts, respectively, on prechill salt-treated carcasses compared with controls. Salt-treated carcasses sampled after chilling had lower microbial populations compared with control chilled samples with significant reductions in coliforms and generic E. coli (1.25 and 1.77 log, respectively). Salt-treated samples had lower counts on APC and psychrotrophs after 10 d of refrigerated storage compared with controls. Finally, drip loss of salt-treated carcasses was lower after 24 h compared with nontreated controls. Based on the results, it can be concluded that salting process is an effective contributor to microbial reductions during processing that needs further investigation as a possible intervention in commercial poultry processing settings.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacteria / drug effects*
  • Chickens
  • Food Handling / methods*
  • Food Microbiology*
  • Meat / microbiology*
  • Sodium Chloride / pharmacology*
  • Water


  • Water
  • Sodium Chloride